Title: JasaG terigUn jerge tayiji Jamiyangkorlo-a aGsan-u qosiGun-u nutuG-un jiruG
“Map of the territory of the banner of the former ruling prince Jamiyanhorloo, Prince of the first rank (1876-1896)”
Date: BadaraGultu tOrO-yin arban naimaduGar on caGan sarayin qorin dOrben
“24th day of the White month in the 18th year of Guangxu (光緒) (1892)”
Seal: Qalq-a-yin umar-a jam-un jegUn Gar-un adaG-un qosiGu-yi jakiruGci tamaG-a
“Seal of the ruler of the Rear banner of the Left wing in the Northern road of Halha”
Size: 50 x 65 cm
Material: Chinese paper
Cf. M007, 711 Hs.or.69.(1907) (Heissig 1961: 374; Heissig 1978: 37)
References: Сономдагва 1998: 73-74; МУШ 1997 I: 48-49.
(1) The map shows five relay stations to the west of the banner’s territory. The military relay services called “Altai Zam (road)”, leading from Chuulalt Haalga to Uliastai, were first created in the period of the Emperor Kangxi (康熙帝). Twenty of the 40 relay stations were located in Halh, and were manned by conscripts sent with their families, dwellings (gers) and property from Harchin, Southern (Inner) Mongolia; thus the relay stations were known as “Harchin o’rtoo”. Likely as a result of conflicts between those serving the relay services and herders belonging to the banner, oboos were constructed in order to separate these distinctly as shown on the map. (See Нацагдорж 1963: 167-168; МГХ 1975: 121-132, 246; Zhao1989: 172-190.)
(2) According to the title of the map, Jamiyanhorloo no longer held the position of ruler or was deceased at the time of the map’s production. Since his successor Badrah, who assumed control over the jurisdiction in 1896, was a lateral relative (“salbar to’roliin hu’n”, МУШ 1997 I: 49), it seems likely that Jamiyanhorloo had no sons or lineal relatives, and that there could have been an interval of several years prior to the appointment of Badrah as ruling prince of the banner.